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A2040-402 | Assessment- Administering IBM Connections 4.0

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A2040-402 - Assessment- Administering IBM Connections 4.0 - braindump

Vendor IBM
Exam Number A2040-402
Exam Name Assessment- Administering IBM Connections 4.0
Questions 137 Q & A
Recent Update October 17, 2018
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A2040-402 exam Dumps Source : Assessment- Administering IBM Connections 4.0

Test Code : A2040-402
Test Name : Assessment- Administering IBM Connections 4.0
Vendor Name : IBM
Q&A : 137 Real Questions

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IBM Assessment- Administering IBM Connections

TIGTA faults Unisys, IBM for delayed response to IRS Tax Day computing device computer virus | killexams.com Real Questions and Pass4sure dumps

The IRS receives its 2d thumbs-up from oversight officers involving its managing of this 12 months’s Tax Day computer system glitch, however the agency and its watchdog office fault contractors for not doing greater to mitigate the difficulty.

in the early morning hours of April 17, the IRS detected a firmware trojan horse that disrupted the only busiest tax submitting day of the year. The glitch made fifty nine tax systems, including the Modernized e-File gadget, unavailable for roughly eleven hours, and caused the agency to lengthen the tax submitting season for an additional day.

The Treasury Inspector familiar for Tax Administration (TIGTA) found that the IRS handled the techniques outage in a “timely” and “constructive” manner — detecting, assessing and restoring operation with the aid of the afternoon of the outage, and processing nearly 4 million tax returns before middle of the night.

“centered contingency tools, procedures, and procedures for mainframe outages served the IRS neatly during the Tax Day outage,” TIGTA wrote in a document released Monday.

        insight via the Anomali: Justice department, DODIN, DHS and IT-ISAC discover cyber probability intelligence in this free webinar.

besides the fact that children, the IG office determined that Unisys and IBM might’ve accomplished greater to prevent the firmware glitch. greater specially, TIGTA decided that Unisys didn’t uphold the terms of the business Storage capabilities (ESS) contract it has held with the IRS due to the fact that 2012.

“all through the Tax Day outage, the contractor failed to meet a few carrier stage ambitions, and this failure requires the contractor to pay liquidated damages to the government,” the IG workplace wrote. “additionally, the contract lacks certain service level goals for performance monitoring and incident administration.”

IRS Chief guidance Officer Gina Garza informed TIGTA that the agency has “sought liquidated damages from Unisys based on ESS contract provisions.”

verbal exchange gaps between IRS, vendors

The file also recognized communications gaps between the companies and the IRS.

just earlier than 3 a.m. on Tax Day, the storage array plagued by the bug pinged IBM with an automated “name domestic” notification, sending an alert to the seller. TIGTA discovered the vendor didn’t provide the IRS a heads up about the alert.

“IBM by no means provided an acknowledgment of the performance issue and did not initiate any incident management strategies as a result of IBM identified the call home as a Severity level 3,” a probability that warrants a response with the aid of the conclusion of the subsequent business day, TIGTA wrote.

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presently after 2 a.m., the assistance technology Operations Command middle (ITOCC), the IRS’ “first line of protection” for IT issues, got a device-generated error message and commenced to troubleshoot the problem.

“The ITOCC personnel were not bound about whom to contact at Unisys or IBM to begin triage of the mainframes and tried an 800 number they found online for Unisys storage aid,” TIGTA wrote.

The record determined that, below the ESS managed services contract, Unisys or IBM, because the managing contractors, should still had been first to identify the outage and make contact with the IRS.

“all the way through this outage, it changed into the IRS who at the beginning identified an issue, and the IRS had to attain out and notify its contractors to immediate motion on remediation,” TIGTA wrote. “The contractors didn't uphold their contractual settlement.”

IBM first found out the firmware bug associated with the IRS Tax Day outage in June 2017 and developed a fix, which it launched to the general public as a microcode-bundle patch in November.

In December 2017, the IRS agreed with IBM’s suggestion to remain on the older microcode bundle for the upcoming tax filing season “because it turned into considered greater solid,” TIGTA wrote.

despite the fact, IBM product engineers developed a script for a further customer in January 2018 that experienced an outage from the same firmware worm that the IRS would endure three months later.

“youngsters, prior to the IRS outage, IBM did not give the IRS with any particulars involving the other client outage or the supply of a script that would have avoided the Tax Day outage,” TIGTA wrote.

GSA commends IRS on achieving processing desires

previous this month, the government Accountability office recommended the IRS for assembly its return processing dreams for the tax filing season, “despite varied challenges,” together with the Tax Day glitch.

Garza, the IRS CIO, said the agency is encouraged by using TIGTA’s evaluation of how it responded to the techniques outage.

“whereas any carrier disruption isn't highest quality, we agree with the Tax Day outage confirmed our stronger means to abruptly and effectively respond to most important incidents,” Garza wrote. The quick response to this incident and subsequent processing of just about four million individual returns by means of hour of darkness the identical day is a testomony to the proficient and committed team of workers IRS employs.”

The IRS skilled a similar “hardware failure” on Feb. three, 2016 that affected a few tax processing methods, and took about 30 hours to restoration operations.

searching back on that incident and the most fresh outage, Garza noted her group has persevered to strengthen its response to IT challenges.

“this is massive and demonstrates our commitment to method improvements,” she wrote.

The TIGTA document also reasserted that the outage become no longer caused with the aid of a cyber attack.

“The IRS laptop protection Incident Response core concluded that the outage fit the pattern of a previously popular firmware worm and determined that there turned into no evidence of any breach or cyber hazard exercise related to this outage,” the document mentioned.

Brad Bass, a spokesman for Unisys, stated in a press release Wednesday that the business labored with the IRS to right away handle the underlying considerations, and brought that usual operations have been effectively restored that same afternoon.

“Unisys takes its function as a accomplice to the IRS very severely. Unisys and the IRS have already applied program enhancements, and we proceed to work closely with the IRS to enhance the equipment,” Bass mentioned.

IBM didn’t instantly reply to requests for comment on Tuesday.


IBM delivers a bit of its mind-inspired supercomputer to Livermore countrywide lab | killexams.com Real Questions and Pass4sure dumps

IBM is about to deliver the groundwork of a brain-inspired supercomputer to Lawrence Livermore countrywide Laboratory, some of the federal executive’s top research institutions. The beginning is one small “blade” inside a server rack with 16 chips, dubbed TrueNorth, and is modeled after the style the human brain services.

Silicon Valley is awash in optimism about artificial intelligence, generally in accordance with the development that deep gaining knowledge of neural networks are making in solving huge problems. corporations from Google to Nvidia are hoping they’ll deliver the AI smarts for self-using cars and different difficult problems. it's inside this atmosphere that IBM has been pursuing solutions in mind-inspired supercomputers. The leading benefit is that such chips could be capable of function at lessen frequencies and get plenty greater work completed on a a whole lot smaller quantity of power.

The TrueNorth chip itself has greater than 5.4 billion transistors, about as many as a state-of-the-paintings commonplace silicon chip nowadays. but this chip’s transistors are configured as a million neurons, or the equivalent of brain cells, and 256 million synapses, or connections. It consumes handiest about 70 milliwatts of power, or the equivalent of a hearing-support battery. That’s an order of magnitude improved than different solutions, said Dharmendra S. Modha, an IBM fellow and chief scientist of mind-impressed computing at the IBM Almaden analysis center in San Jose, Calif., in an interview with VentureBeat. The Livermore assignment is an important test of a brand new computing device architecture that may well be used in every little thing from single-chip computer systems to methods with hundreds of chips.

“we can scale up totally, from one chip in a mobile setting to a few very tremendous programs,” Modha spoke of.

This system has 16 IBM TrueNorth brain-inspired chips.

Above: This device has 16 IBM TrueNorth brain-impressed chips.

graphic credit score: Dean Takahashi

“Lawrence Livermore has commissioned a scale-up, brain-inspired supercomputer, and that’s what you’re looking at here,” Modha referred to. “Our long-time period purpose is to build a mind in a container, with 10 billion neurons in a 2-liter extent, drinking a couple of kilowatt of energy. That’s the long-term trajectory we are on. ”

The Livermore lab is working on a new technology of supercomputers that can perform at “exascale” speeds, or 50 times sooner than the most superior petaflop systems now in region. IBM’s believes a mind-primarily based laptop may function on significantly much less electrical vigor and quantity.

lower back in 2011, when I bought my first examine IBM’s prototype “mind chip,” the enterprise had a prototype with one core and 256 neurons. Now, every chip has 1 million neurons, 256 cores, and 256 million synapses. It operates on 70 milliwatts of energy. it may deliver 46 giga synaptic operations per second.

every TrueNorth chip is a part of a sixteen-chip device board it really is housed in a server blade. it's what IBM is delivering to Lawrence Livermore. And that board has the means of sixteen million neurons, four,096 cores, and 4 billion synapses. The sixteen chips function on 2.5 watts of energy, while the total board consumes about 7 watts. finally, IBM will populate a complete rack with a bunch of these server boards, and provide a bunch of racks to its consumers who need to build scale-out supercomputers. IBM is at the moment working under a $1 million contract with Livermore. possibly, if all of it goes ahead, plenty more money may be at stake.

“The fantastic thing about the TrueNorth chips is for you to put one in and it simply begins speaking” with the chips around it, Modha noted. “It does this devoid of a necessity for any communique interface. we are able to simply scale it up.”

IBM has proven this within the sixteen-chip laptop blade that it's supplying to Livermore, Modha spoke of. IBM’s industrial design team created a flowery enclosure to apartment it — and so it appears greater “iconic,” like whatever out of science fiction, as opposed to a standard piece of desktop hardware, referred to bill risk, senior application engineer at IBM.

IBM

Above: Dharmendra Modha, IBM fellow and chief scientist of mind-inspired computer analysis at the IBM Almaden analysis middle.

The chips can function a mind-like neural community to address advanced cognitive initiatives — equivalent to sample attention and built-in sensory processing — much more correctly than familiar chips. And that skill a pc in a self-riding vehicle could faucet an information core with TrueNorth chips to analyze all the pedestrians, automobiles, bicycles and other objects in an atmosphere round a self-using motor vehicle.

Lawrence Livermore will probably use the device to check nuclear weapons with out setting them off. The  new computing capabilities may also prove vital to the country wide Nuclear safety Administration’s (NNSA) missions in cyber safety, stewardship of the nation’s nuclear deterrent and non-proliferation. NNSA’s superior Simulation and Computing (ASC) application will evaluate computer gaining knowledge of applications, in addition to deep researching algorithms and architectures, and habits ordinary computing feasibility studies.

The expertise represents a primary departure from the 70-yr-historic laptop design popularized by desktop architect John von Neumann. In von Neumann machines, reminiscence and processor are separated and linked via an information pathway known as a bus. through the years, von Neumann machines have gotten quicker by means of sending more and more facts at larger speeds throughout the bus as processor and reminiscence have interaction. but the pace of a computer is often restrained through the capability of that bus, resulting in what some laptop scientists to call the “von Neumann bottleneck.”

With the human brain, the memory is found within the equal vicinity because the processor — at least, that’s how it looks, in accordance with our existing realizing of how the brain works. The mind-like processors with integrated reminiscence don’t function right away by using common measurements, sending facts at a mere 10 hertz, or a ways slower than the 5 gigahertz laptop processors of today. but the human brain does tons of labor in parallel, sending alerts out in all instructions and getting the mind’s neurons to work concurrently. because of this, the mind’s greater than 10 billion neurons and 10 trillion connections (synapses) between these neurons quantities to a big volume of computing power.

IBM’s older Blue Gene supercomputer, a traditional von Neumann computing device, had 1.5 million processors, nevertheless it ran 1,500 times slower than true time, in comparison to the human mind. A hypothetical supercomputer the usage of the von Neumann design would have consumed 12 gigawatts of power to achieve what the mind can do. That’s as plenty vigor as is consumed by the island of Singapore, Modha observed.

IBM TrueNorth chip has a million neurons.

Above: IBM TrueNorth chip has 1,000,000 neurons.

image credit score: Dean Takahashi

IBM is emulating the mind’s structure with its new TrueNorth chips, which were at the beginning developed below the auspices of the defense advanced research tasks agency (DARPA) and Cornell college.

This new computing unit, or core, is similar to the mind. It has “neurons,” or digital processors that compute counsel. It has “synapses,” which are the basis of studying and reminiscence. And it has “axons,” or facts pathways that join the tissue of the desktop.

The work combines supercomputing, nanotechnology, and neuroscience as a way to circulate beyond calculation to perception. About 35 americans within IBM analysis across three company sites and assorted countries are engaged on the IBM brain-inspired mission, Modha noted. To create the total ecosystem round TrueNorth, IBM has needed to create a simulator; a programming language; an built-in programming atmosphere; a library of algorithms, as well as functions; firmware; equipment for composing neural networks for deep researching; a instructing curriculum; and cloud enablement.

Brian Van Essen, a laptop scientist at Lawrence Livermore country wide Laboratory’s center for applied Scientific Computing, talked about in an interview with VentureBeat that the collaboration with IBM began within the fall of 2014.

The TrueNorth chip can be used with neural networks that recognize objects such as brands.

Above: The TrueNorth chip will also be used with neural networks that recognize objects comparable to brands.

photograph credit: Dean Takahashi

“we're searching past von Neumann processors as we scale toward exascale,” he mentioned. “we're very excited about the very low-vigor points of TrueNorth. It’s an order of magnitude change in power usage.”

Van Essen spoke of he's excited in regards to the AI community’s pleasure round deep learning and neural networks.

“we're taking a look at how we will apply it with TrueNorth,” he stated.

He referred to that TrueNorth’s capacity to parent patterns and run tremendous-scale simulations is terribly promising.

“this is by no capability the best approach that's being done within the neighborhood to mimic biology,” he spoke of. “It continues to be balancing digital common sense design with inspirations from the brain. it is mimicking habits, nevertheless it is not slavishly copying the brain. That strategy allows for IBM to create a chip that takes skills of superior semiconductor design options.”

IBM's TrueNorth chips can discern the difference between pedestrians and other objects.

Above: IBM’s TrueNorth chips can determine the difference between pedestrians and different objects.

picture credit score: Dean Takahahsi


IBM and Novell support computing device users Collaborate, retailer money and steer clear of seller Lock-In | killexams.com Real Questions and Pass4sure dumps

SAN FRANCISCO, CA - 07 Aug 2007: To aid corporations keep away from the high charges of over reliance on a single supplier, IBM (NYSE: IBM) these days introduced an integrated open collaboration customer for SUSE Linux enterprise desktop from Novell. The announcement changed into made on the opening of LinuxWorld in San Francisco.

An open client is own computing utility this is in response to open necessities, providing businesses with an alternative choice to proprietary laptop applications. The integrated open collaboration client is purchasable via IBM and Novell business partners.

relocating far from a wholly proprietary approach to computing to a platform according to open standards offers agencies the liberty to opt for the best mix of software and features for their corporation, despite legacy programs. as an example, with this open client groups can save as much as $300-$500(1) per user over proprietary offerings akin to Microsoft home windows Vista and Microsoft workplace. Administration and deployment time can even be decreased through one click installation capabilities.

The open collaboration client contains advanced email and calendar capabilities, confirmed unified communication and collaboration performance and light yet powerful be aware processing, spreadsheet and presentation capabilities with OpenDocument format (ODF) guide. since the open customer is built on the Eclipse open framework, enterprise in a position social networking, group collaboration and portal applied sciences can easily be introduced to a Linux computing device consumer's desktop.

"beneficial computer administration is a problem for companies these days," referred to Roger Levy, senior vp and commonplace manager of Open Platform solutions for Novell. "Novell is participating with IBM on the open collaboration customer bundle powered with the aid of SUSE Linux business to aid valued clientele meet that challenge and improvement from more desirable collaboration, expanded end-consumer productiveness, bolstered protection, and reduced total charge of ownership."

The open collaboration client represents a big chance for IBM and Novell enterprise companions.

cost added Distributors (VADs) symbolize the success channel for the integrated open collaboration client bundle. The one click on installation image enables VADs to tremendously in the reduction of installing, implementation, and checking out time for purchasers.

sales and technical enablement materials could be offered to the VAD community, making it easy for them to present consumers a cost-efficient computing device choice. as an example, the German market faces an emerging demand from early adopters to pilot Linux computing device infrastructure with IBM Lotus Notes. Azlan, a application, server and storage subsidiary of Tech records, the 2nd biggest VAD all over the world, teamed up with IBM, Novell and 6 of their cost brought resellers (VARs) in Germany, together with edcom GmbH which has been concerned in early trying out of the answer, to tackle this demand.

"This bundle is exactly what our shoppers require to pilot alternatives to Microsoft," spoke of Dagmar Ziegler, supervisor of IBM utility sales for Azlan, a enterprise unit of Tech records GMBH. "It isn't only about selling utility to valued clientele through our channel, however truly assisting them with consulting equipment offered through IBM protected within the crusade. Our promotions have laid the this new market and easily adapt our software to imminent Lotus Notes 8 bundles available on Linux."

independent utility companies (ISVs) can effortlessly put together their applications to run on the open collaboration client bundle with technical substances and most desirable practices from IBM Linux Integration centers and Novell. moreover, co-existence tools that support companions migrate valued clientele' visible basic functions to Java or access .web purposes as Java functions are also accessible at http://www.ibm.com/lotus/openclient.

Regional systems Integrators (RSIs) and answer suppliers can entry technical and revenue enablement on person segmentation, pilots, cost evaluation, application migration, setting up and deployment from IBM and Novell. RSI and answer providers will benefit from being in a position to help customers event sooner return on investment through simplified installing, migration, testing and deployment.

"As our enterprise consumers battle with Microsoft Vista/workplace 2007 migration and the prices of the usage of Microsoft home windows computers, we expect many of them will make a decision to thoroughly utilize the merits of a Linux desktop," pointed out Ajmal Noorani, chief marketing officer of Csscorp. "not most effective does IBM software working on Linux supply our purchasers superior collaboration capabilities, more advantageous safety, and internet 2.0 aspects, it additionally delivers massive savings for our customers, making it a fair greater appealing proposition for businesses attempting to find cost-effective laptop solutions. And we are reaping the merits ourselves, as here's the platform for all our inside systems."

The open collaboration customer contains IBM Lotus Notes, IBM Lotus Sametime and the IBM productivity equipment. furthermore, IBM Lotus Connections, IBM Lotus Quickr and IBM WebSphere Portal can with ease be added bringing social networking, team collaboration and portal capabilities to SUSE Linux enterprise computing device. moreover, the server accessories required to help the open collaboration customer are also attainable as one click install options and include IBM Lotus Domino and Lotus Sametime servers powered by using SUSE Linux business Server 10 from Novell.

Novell may be distributing an contrast copy of the open collaboration customer at LinuxWorld San Francisco in sales space 702.

For greater counsel: www.ibm.com/lotus/opencollabclientwithnovell

Contact(s) informationJennifer ClementeIBM utility community+1-415-545-3230jennic@us.ibm.com

connected Thomas trade update Thomas For Industry


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A2040-402 exam Dumps Source : Assessment- Administering IBM Connections 4.0

Test Code : A2040-402
Test Name : Assessment- Administering IBM Connections 4.0
Vendor Name : IBM
Q&A : 137 Real Questions

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Your Backyard is Buried Under Snow, But Global Warming Is Still Happening | killexams.com real questions and Pass4sure dumps

A record-shattering winter has left the Northeast buried in piles of snow.

(AP Photo/Nam Y. Huh)

A backyard filled with snow doesn't disprove climate change.

Contrary to what Oklahoma Sen. James Inhofe says, the ability to roll up a snowball months after the hottest year on record ended doesn't either. 

The reverse is true.

(MORE: NASA Satellite Images Show Rainforest Destruction Getting Worse) 

Reports from organizations such as the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) continue to point to one conclusion: Climate change and extreme weather events are linked. 

It's counterintuitive, but the same factors that led NOAA to label 2014 the hottest year on record are also possibly contributing to historic snow totals and brutal temperatures in the Northeast. 

"The eastern U.S. is just a small part of the planet, so it's certainly possible to have record cold and snow there even as the global temperature hits record highs," Weather Underground blogger Bob Henson said.

The rise in global temperatures influences the path of the arctic jet steam, which, when altered, can help trigger harsher winters like the one slowly coming to an end now. 

Paul O'Gorman, an associate professor of atmospheric science at MIT, spoke to the Boston Globe about the link between increasing temperatures and intense snowstorms.

"For relatively mild regions, we would expect heavy snowfall to become increasingly rare as the climate warms," O'Gorman said. "But in colder regions, heavy snowfalls can become more frequent because of increases in the amount of water vapor in the atmosphere or, in some cases, because of changes in the circulation of the atmosphere, such as a shift in position of the storm track."

While the photos of a deck chair peeping out from a snowdrift are impressive, they don't contradict the data.

(MORE: 6 in 10 Americans Have Given Climate Change and Health 'No Thought')

In 2014, the U.S. National Climate Assessment reported that the Northeast saw a 71 percent increase in heavy precipitation from 1958 to 2012. 

Rising global temperatures make for increased levels of water vapor in the air. This effect can make for extended periods of drought, but it also leads to more intense rainfalls when precipitation does occur, the U.S. Global Change Research Program says.

Extreme weather events like the 2011 drought in Texas and England's winter weather between 2010 and 2011 have both been linked in part to climate change, according to NOAA.

As research continues into this link, it's possible that standout weather events from the last few years will be connected to climate change. 

MORE ON WEATHER.COM: NASA Climate Change Photos 

1 of 52

NASA Change: Arapaho Glacier, Colorado (1898)

The Aprapaho Glacier in Colorado in 1898. (NASA)


“EPIC” fail—how OPM hackers tapped the mother lode of espionage data | killexams.com real questions and Pass4sure dumps

OPM officials did nearly everything wrong as far as security goes and then lied about it, House Oversight Committee Republicans said in a final report on the OPM breach.OPM officials did nearly everything wrong as far as security goes and then lied about it, House Oversight Committee Republicans said in a final report on the OPM breach. Photo illustration by Sean Gallagher, based on image by Colin reader comments 135 Share this story
  • Feds Under Attack: OPM Breach
  • Surprise! House Oversight report blames OPM leadership for breach of records
  • CIA officers pulled from China because of OPM breach
  • US counter-intel czar to hack victims: “raise shields” against spearphishing
  • China and Russia cross-referencing OPM data, other hacks to out US spies
  • Obama administration decides not to blame China publicly for OPM hack
  • View more stories

    Government officials have been vague in their testimony about the data breaches—there was apparently more than one—at the Office of Personnel Management. But on Thursday, officials from OPM, the Department of Homeland Security, and the Department of the Interior revealed new information that indicates at least two separate systems were compromised by attackers within OPM's and Interior's networks.

    OPM has not yet revealed the full extent of the data exposed by the attack, but initial actions by the agency in response to the breaches indicate information of as many as 3.2 million federal employees (both current federal employees and retirees) was exposed. However, new estimates in light of this week's revelations have soared, estimating as many as 14 million people in and outside government will be affected by the breach—including uniformed military and intelligence personnel. It is, essentially, the biggest potential "doxing" in history. And if true, personal details from nearly everyone who works for the government in some capacity may now be in the hands of a foreign government. This fallout is the culmination of years of issues such as reliance on outdated software and contracting large swaths of security work elsewhere (including China).

    Further Reading Why the “biggest government hack ever” got past the feds The OPM breaches themselves are cause for major concerns, but there are signs that these are not isolated incidents. "We see supporting evidence that these attacks are related to the group that launched the attack on Anthem [the large health insurer breached earlier this year]," said Tom Parker, chief technology officer of the information security company FusionX. "And there was a breach at United Airlines that's potentially correlated as well." When pulled together into an analytical database, the information could essentially become a LinkedIn for spies, providing a foreign intelligence organization with a way to find individuals with the right job titles, the right connections, and traits that might make them more susceptible to recruitment or compromise.

    Preliminary evidence points to a group dubbed by Crowdstrike as "Deep Panda," a Chinese cyber-espionage group. In the past, the group has used Windows PowerShell attacks to implant remote access tools (RATs) on Windows desktops and servers. It is this malware that investigators are believed to have discovered on OPM's network and in the Department of the Interior's data center.

    Handing out bandages

    The two systems breached were the Electronic Official Personnel Folder (eOPF) system, an entity hosted for OPM at the Department of the Interior's shared service data center, and the central database behind "EPIC," the suite of software used by OPM's Federal Investigative Service in order to collect data for government employee and contractor background investigations.

    Ars contacted both OPM and DHS while researching this story, but officials at both agencies refused to confirm or deny that these systems were part of the breach due to the ongoing investigation. However, sources familiar with OPM projects identified these systems as the ones most likely to be at the heart of the breaches.

    In the weeks following the breach discovery, OPM officials scrambled to find a contractor to handle the "Privacy Act event." The organization issued a call in late May and awarded a contract five days later (on June 2) to Winvale Group, a Washington, DC-based technology services company that also helps businesses sell services to the government. OPM classified the transaction as a blanket purchase agreement to allow for multiple additional purchases. The $20.8 million "first call" was for 3.2 million "units" of credit monitoring and identity theft recovery services, indicating the agency's early assessment of how many individuals might have been affected by the breach.

    The Winvale Group may get a lot more business based on OPM Director Katherine Archuleta's statement to the House Government Oversight Committee this week. "In early May, the interagency incident response team shared with relevant agencies that the exposure of personnel records had occurred," Archuleta said. "During the course of the ongoing investigation, the interagency incident response team concluded—later in May—that additional systems were likely compromised, also at an earlier date. This separate incident—which also predated deployment of our new security tools and capabilities—remains under investigation by OPM and our interagency partners. In early June, the interagency response team shared with relevant agencies that there was a high degree of confidence that OPM systems related to background investigations of current, former, and prospective Federal government employees, and those for whom a federal background investigation was conducted, may have been compromised."

    To date, OPM has no idea how many individuals' background investigations were exposed. All Archuleta said was that the agency was "committed to notifying those individuals whose information may have been compromised as soon as practicable."

    In the meantime, the Obama administration has ordered a “30-day Cybersecurity Sprint." Agencies must perform vulnerability testing and patch existing holes in security. They must prune the number of privileged user accounts and expand adoption of multifactor authentication for all systems. The Department of Defense and intelligence community have led the way on that last requirement, but many civilian agencies (such as OPM) have been slow to put it in place.

    Just how much this "sprint" will improve government security remains to be seen, especially since agencies such as OPM have been repeatedly warned in the past about minimum "security hygiene." Thirty days is not likely enough time to correct a decade-plus of neglect of antiquated systems, poor leadership, and spotty attempts at modernization.

    Employees must wash hands The OPM Federal Investigative Service secure Web portal, powered by the no-longer-supported Adobe JRun. Enlarge / The OPM Federal Investigative Service secure Web portal, powered by the no-longer-supported Adobe JRun.

    OPM is not alone in neglecting basic security guidelines spelled out for them by both federal regulations and executive orders for much of the past decade. Even those agencies that have implemented systems to comply with the letter of FISMA (Federal Information and Security Management Act) and other regulations have had problems keeping on point because of the constantly changing nature of information security threats. And the complex plaque of information systems that agencies have built up often defies any sort of security management because the vendors who built many of the systems have long since disappeared.

    By and large, government agencies in the last 20 years have become increasingly dependent on outside contractors to provide the most basic of information technology services—especially smaller agencies like OPM. The result has been a patchwork IT systems and security, and the Office of the CIO at OPM has a direct hand in fewer and fewer projects. Of the 47 major IT systems at OPM, 22 of them are currently run by contractors. OPM's security team has limited visibility into these outside projects, but even the internally operated systems were found to be lacking in terms of basic security measures.

    While OPM instituted continuous monitoring of some systems using security information and event management (SIEM) tools, those tools covered only 80 percent of OPM's systems according to a fiscal year 2014 audit by OPM's Internal Office of the Inspector General (OIG) audit team. And as of October 2014, monitoring didn't yet include contractor-operated systems, according to the same organizational oversight.

    "The OCIO (Office of Chief Information Officer) achieved the FY 2014 milestones outlined in the roadmap which included quarterly reporting for high impact systems," the OPM OIG reported in its audit. "The next stage in the OCIO’s plan involves requiring continuous monitoring by contractor-operated systems and implementation of the DHS Continuous Diagnostic and Mitigation program." In other words, OPM had no idea what was going on inside contractor-provided networks and only a limited grasp on what was going on within its own network.

    There were significant gaps in OPM's security testing as well. Seven major systems out of 25 had inadequate documentation of security testing—four of which were systems directly maintained by the OPM's internal IT department. Three out of the 22 contractor-operated systems had not been tested in the last year; the remainder had only been tested once a year.

    The greatest lapse within OPM's security, perhaps, is the way that it has handled user authentication. The OPM IG report has found progress on access controls, including the use of multi-factor authentication to access OPM's virtual private networks and even to log into workstations using Personal Identity Verification (PIV) card readers—essentially guarding the entry points into the OPM network. But "none of the agency's 47 major applications require PIV authentication," the Office of the Inspector General reported, a violation of an Office of Management and Budget mandate for federal systems.

    OPM's Office of the CIO responded that "in [fiscal year] 15 we will continue to implement PIV authentication for major systems."

    But OPM's systems, including central user authentication services used by most of the agency's applications, and the entirety of EPIC, were also operating without authorization—meaning, the systems had not been fully vetted for security, and were not even technically supposed to be in use. The OPM's Inspector General report recommended that EPIC and other systems that were operating without "Authority to Operate" (ATO) be shut down until they were judged secure, calling the systems' poor auditing a national security concern.

    Ironically, federal officials have been blaming the messenger to some degree through anonymous statements to the press. NPR reported that investigators were looking into whether the IG report "tipped off hackers to some of the agency's vulnerabilities," and reporter Dina Temple-Raston found that investigators believed the attack came "about a month" after the IG report was published. "Among the things the inspector general found that could have helped hackers was that nearly a quarter of the agency's systems did not have valid authorization procedures," she said. "The reason that's important is because one of the departments that didn't have the correct procedures was the Federal Investigative Services. That's the group responsible for background investigations of federal employees. So that data's very sensitive, and as we know now, this is one of the databases that was hacked."

    But those problems had been well-documented prior to the 2014 IG report. Attacks on two OPM investigative contractors—USIS and KeyPoint—could have provided plenty of intelligence on just how bad OPM's systems were. Even a quick Web search would have given attackers plenty of ideas about how to get into OPM's sensitive systems. For example, the "secure" Web gateway to OPM's background investigation systems is a contractor-hosted website at an application service provider. That Web gateway is reached through a Windows Web server running JRun 4.0, Adobe's Java application server, as well as ColdFusion, a platform that has been used for a number of breached government servers in the past few years.

    In 2013, someone hacked into Adobe and stole the ColdFusion source code. And Adobe dropped the JRun product line entirely in 2013—with extended "core" support ending in December of 2014. There is no evidence that OPM or its application provider had purchased expensive extended, dedicated support, but JRun would hardly be the only unsupported platform still used by OPM. The agency still has systems based on Windows XP (supported under a custom support agreement with Microsoft), and many of the core systems run by the agency are based on mainframe applications that haven't been updated since their COBOL code was fixed for the Y2K bug in the late 1990s.

    It would be incorrect to say that these older systems (especially the COBOL code) couldn't be updated to support encryption, however. There are numerous software libraries that can be used to integrate encryption schemes into older applications, including libraries from PKWare. Other government agencies and financial institutions already utilize such software, according to Matt Little, VP of Product Development at PKWare. The problem is that, as DHS Assistant Secretary for Cybersecurity Andy Ozment noted during his testimony, OPM didn't have the kind of authentication infrastructure in place for its major applications to take advantage of encryption in the first place. Encryption, he said, would "not have helped in this case."

    Since multi-factor authentication and encryption were not integrated into any of OPM's 47 major applications, all an attacker had to do was to gain access to a system on the network—nearly any system. Based on the testimony before Congress and other publicly available data, we know that hackers found at least two systems and were able to easily expand their access laterally within OPM and then contractor and service provider networks afterward.

    "There's a process failure in every spot there," said PKWare's Little. "It's just bad security controls. It looks ridiculous—they didn't even have basic IP (network) access controls. This is not something we typically see in a serious security customer."

    As Ars has reported, those problems were not just found at OPM itself. Contractors working for the agency may have introduced some unique security issues of their own, including employing Chinese nationals—some working from overseas—as part of subcontracting teams. Allegedly, that project was an implementation of SAP's SuccessFactors software, undertaken by a systems integrator for OPM and affiliated agencies, and included access to employee personnel data for the Department of Energy, the Transportation Security Agency, and others. SuccessFactors is used as part of a human resources system called the Talent Management System (TMS), "an integrated learning management and performance management system based on the industry leading SAP/Plateau/Success Factors software" hosted for multiple agencies by a data center at the Department of the Interior. SAP could not provide information about the program, the integrator, or even confirm that Interior or OPM were a customer without OPM authorization.

    The wrong kind of file sharing

    The login page for the Web gateway to the Electronic Official Personnel File (eOPM) hosted at the Interior Business Center may have had some security weaknesses, as shown by Chrome.

    The login page for the Web gateway to the Electronic Official Personnel File (eOPM) hosted at the Interior Business Center may have had some security weaknesses, as shown by Chrome. Initially, the investigation into the OPM breach uncovered an infiltration into personnel file databases, which may have included the Central Personnel Data File. That database includes the personnel records of a majority of federal employees. The data breach, based on testimony provided by federal officials, included an intrusion into an OPM system hosted by an outside service provider: the Department of the Interior.

    The Interior Business Center, formerly known as the Department of Interior National Business Center, is what's known as a shared services center. That means it gets its funding by bidding for work from other government agencies, occasionally competing against outside contractors. So the IBC has been a relatively active center of innovation in the US government as a result. The center has been in the government cloud business since before the Obama administration, providing infrastructure and software as a service. The IBC uses its IBM mainframes, database instances, and mainframe Linux instances (along with other servers) to do everything from serving up webpages to running payroll for dozens of agencies. IBM even profiled IBC (then NBC) for a case study on using System z mainframes as an enterprise cloud platform.

    Starting in 2011, OPM pushed agencies to adopt approved Human Resources Line of Business (HR LOB) applications running at federal and commercial shared service centers, hoping to save a billion or more over four years by using more generic federal human resources applications hosted at both federal and commercial shared services centers. But even before the Obama administration had begun its big push to consolidate federal data centers under Chief Information Officer Vivek Kundra, NBC was providing IT services for more than 150 government agencies (often as Web-based software-as-a-service offerings).

    IBC also offered mainframe capacity through "infrastructure-as-a-service" packages to other agencies. And as OPM was seeking to consolidate its own data center operations, it turned to IBC to host the eOPF system—the electronic version of government employees' personnel files. The eOPF system's data includes the electronic version of the SF-50 (Notification of Personnel Action), which a State Department human resources document referred to as "Your Federal Employment Birth Certificate." It documents a federal employee's career—promotions, demotions, other administrative actions, retirement plan, and work schedule, as well as personal identifying data. OPM maintains eOPF records for millions of current and former government employees, including Congressional staffers.

    At some agencies, eOPF is only accessible from within departmental networks. But some agencies, including OPM, have Internet-accessible portals into the eOPF system. Apparently, eOPF's servers are accessible over the same Internet gateway that other agency Web servers running in IBC used. It's also behind the same firewall. So exploiting one of the Web servers operated by IBC would have given attackers access from within the firewall to eOPF and, in turn, to the OPM databases and services connected to it.

    That much was confirmed by Interior's CIO Sylvia Burns, who said in her statement to the House Government Oversight Committee that there was evidence "the adversary had access to the DOI data center’s overall environment." As a result, DOI is "accelerating" a number of fixes. "As part of DHS’s Binding Operational Directive (BOD) we are identifying and mitigating critical Information Technology (IT) security vulnerabilities for all Internet facing systems... We are fully enabling two factor authentication for privileged users (e.g., system administrators, etc.), as well as regular end-users."

    In other words, once the attackers had gained access to login credentials of a "privileged user" in IBC's data center, they had the keys to the kingdom. Burns also said that improvements were being made to the way networks within the IBC data center were isolated from each other, an attempt to prevent attackers from exploiting systems connected to the Internet in order to access the rest of its infrastructure.

    And the eOPM Web interface itself may have been susceptible to breach. A check of the site's Internet-facing login by Ars found "obsolete" crypto—the site still uses TLS 1.0. There were also insecure elements on the page which might have been modified by a man-in-the-middle attack to fool users into giving up credentials.

    In a notice to federal employees about the breach, OPM obliquely confirmed that eOPF had been breached:

    The kind of data that may have been compromised in this incident could include name, Social Security Number, date and place of birth, and current and former addresses. It is the type of information you would typically find in a personnel file, such as job assignments, training records, and benefit selection decisions, but not the names of family members or beneficiaries and not information contained in actual policies.

    While the attackers had full access to IBC's data center, it so far appears that they didn't pull data from the HR LOB applications run there. Data available there would have been more interesting to thieves interested in financial gain, but the eOPF data is more interesting from an intelligence perspective because it profiles government employees. Such information might indicate things like whether they had problems in the workplace and might be susceptible to recruiting efforts.

    Even so, eOPF isn't nearly as dangerous to both federal employees and the government at large as the other system at OPM that got hacked: EPIC.

    Tell us a little about yourself The header to SF-86, the questionnaire filled out by all candidates for security clearance background investigations. All that data goes into OPM's CVS.The header to SF-86, the questionnaire filled out by all candidates for security clearance background investigations. All that data goes into OPM's CVS.

    The background investigation toolset is called EPIC, which is an acronym based on its major components:

  • E, for the Electronic Questionnaires for Investigations Processing (e-QIP) system, a "Web-based automated system...designed to facilitate the processing of standard investigative forms used when conducting background investigations for Federal security, suitability, fitness and credentialing purposes." The e-QIP system provides a "secure Internet connection"—a Web-based HTTPS portal, based on Adobe ColdFusion—to "electronically enter, update and transmit their personal investigative data over a secure Internet connection to a requesting agency."
  • P, for the Personnel Investigations Processing System (PIPS), a background investigation case management system that handles individual investigation requests from agencies. In addition to handling the scheduling and processing of background investigations, PIPS contains the Security/Suitability Investigations Index (SII), a master record of background investigations conducted on government employees. This is consulted whenever a "National Agency Check" is run against a person as part of a background investigation.
  • I, for Imaging—as in the PIPS Imaging System—a viewer for digitized paper case files. Paper surveys, questionnaires, written reports, and other images are stored here in a system based on IBM's Deaja ViewOne.
  • C, for the Central Verification System (CVS), the mother lode of background investigation data. According to OPM, it contains "information on security clearances, investigations, suitability, fitness determinations, Homeland Security Presidential Directive 12 (HSPD-12) decisions the background checks required for employees and government contractors to gain access to federal facilities, Personal Identification Verification (PIV) credentials [the government ID cards used for facility access and as a second factor in authentication systems], and polygraph data." In 2014, OPM increased the scope of CVS to accept security clearances granted to state, local, tribal and certain corporate employees to meet the needs of the Department of Homeland Security. CVS is also "bridged" to the military's Joint Personnel Adjudication System (JPAS), the Department of Defense's own clearance system for uniformed and civilian employees, so that contractors performing background checks can reach into DOD data when performing background investigations.
  • Some pieces of EPIC are so sensitive that they are housed at Fort Meade—the home of the Defense Information Systems Agency and the National Security Agency. Contractors who support them require Top Secret clearances.

    In a fiscal year 2014 annual report, officials at OPM's Federal Investigative Service wrote, "At OPM, the security of our network and the data entrusted to us remains our top priority. OPM FIS took steps to strengthen security protocols imposed on its own information technology systems and those of its contractors in an effort to preempt any malicious incident that could cause harm to the privacy of individuals or our national interests."

    Despite those steps, two OPM investigative contractors—USIS and KeyPoint Solutions—discovered data breaches in 2014. And while some of the elements of EPIC may have been protected from external attack by being located in federally owned secure data centers, it was the breach of OPM's own departmental network that led to the exposure of the contents of the CVS system. While users of OPM FIS' "secure Web portal" are prompted for two-factor authentication (or at least, that's what the code on the site's ColdFusion-powered login page suggests), only a single set of credentials was required from inside OPM's network to gain access to data.

    The malware behind the attack, which could have resided on a FIS workstation or nearly any other system within OPM, could then use those credentials to issue queries against CVS and sneak the data back out of the network over the Internet, hiding its activity internally among normal CVS traffic. It was only when OPM was assessing systems to actually implement the sort of continuous monitoring tools that the Federal Information Systems Management Act dictates that OPM security officers discovered traffic outbound from the network that indicated something was very, very wrong.

    The damage done to national security by this breach far exceeds anything that could be claimed in relationship to the documents leaked by former NSA contractor Edward Snowden. In total, more than 10 million people have active background investigation files in the CVS—either because they have been investigated for a security clearance, or just to obtain permission to work inside federal facilities. Those include all the data from the SF-85 and SF-86 personal survey forms they have filled out detailing much of their personal lives. They include police, fire, and other emergency personnel at state and local levels who have contact with federal anti-terror "fusion" centers, DOD investigators and intelligence analysts. The only agency that may not have been affected is the CIA, which maintains its own background investigation and clearance system.

    A lack of imagination

    The weaknesses that were exploited at OPM were ones that weren't just discovered overnight—they were problems that had existed in some form for over eight years and possibly longer, exacerbated by outsourcing and poor leadership and planning. These problems are all too common among government agencies because of the "checkbox" approach that agencies have taken to information security.

    With the "checkbox," agencies measure their security based on whether they have done something that matches against a particular FISMA regulation or used a technology that meets the National Institute of Standards and Technology's (NIST's) Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS), allowing agencies to achieve security "compliance" without really being secure, according to security experts who spoke with Ars. And while the Defense Department and intelligence agencies have taken a more aggressive stance on security measures, few agencies have ever taken the decades-old approach to security that the military pioneered for classified systems: having someone "red-team" them with penetration tests that resemble actual attacks.

    "One of the things they struggle with is a failure of imagination," said FusionX's Parker. "The 9/11 attacks happened because we had a failure of imagination in terms of what hijacking was. It's the same with cyber. People aren't gaming things enough—not doing it in tabletop exercises, but doing it for real." While the government holds security exercises like "Cyber Storm", DHS' biennial effort, these are still essentially the paper-based roleplaying game version of security.

    While the White House pushed forward with executive orders calling for penetration testing as part of the "30 Day Sprint" launched by President Obama last week, Parker said that he's still "seeing decades of box checking and a lack of realistic threat simulation." These sorts of tests are useless if the goal is understanding how attackers might exploit systems in unexpected ways, he said. "Like Mike Tyson said, 'Everyone has a plan, and then they get punched in the face.' Where these adversaries are catching people with their pants down is the unknown unknowns."

    Bringing an approach from military training, where "train like you fight" has long been a mantra, would certainly help. But that's unlikely to happen without major changes to government security policy and culture. "Everything is focused on box checking," Parker noted. He added that his company doesn't do work in the federal market "because there's still a lowest bidder mentality there. If you're a CISO in a private company and you get hacked, and you get called into the boardroom and they ask you what is your procurement philosophy, and you say you went with the lowest bidder, you're going to get hung out to dry."

    Instead of addressing some of the underlying problems, government agencies' approach has largely been to throw more people at the problem—Information Systems Security Officers (ISSOs). As of last October, OPM had hired seven ISSOs to take over management of systems security and had another four in the hiring pipeline. Parker said this is akin to "putting as many people around a bad fort instead of rebuilding a better fort." And while great heaps of money are being spent on cybersecurity systems, agencies could likely get a better result spending that money on "fixing systems that are 10 to 20 years old that have never been upgraded."

    But these efforts won't happen without a sea change in culture, procurement approaches, and Congressional funding. Until then, expect to hear about more breaches—likely at an increasing rate.


    Live from Berlin – TechCrunch Berlin, Panels & Pitches | killexams.com real questions and Pass4sure dumps

    TechCrunch Europe is holding an afternoon of presentations, panels and pitches exploring the German tech scene today, from 3pm (Berlin time) onwards. Above you’ll find the live video stream provided by Sevenload and we’re holding it at the office of Zanox. Thanks also to Gründerszene, Dwight Cribb Personalberatung and Seedcamp for their support. See below for our schedule. Update: Due to the popularity of the event (which sold out a week ago) we’ve now arranged an after-party from 9pm at the offices of Soundcloud. Details are here. In addition, I will be hanging at Caras Gourmet Coffee at Neue Schönhauser Str. 9 on Thursday afternoon. Feel to get in touch.

    TechCrunch Berlin Venue:ZANOX.de AGStralauer Allee 210245 Berlin

    Schedule:

    3pm: Tea/Coffee

    3.20pm: Introduction by the Chairman, Mike Butcher, Editor, TechCrunch Europe

    3.25pm: Speed Speech: Lukasz Gadowski, Team Europe, “Competing with US players”

    In 2002 Lukasz Gadowski founded Spreadshirt.com (currently ~300 employees worldwide, backed by Accel Europe) and was the co-founder of the Social Network “StudiVZ” (sold to Holtzbrinck in 2007, today Germany’s largest website). At the beginning of 2008 Gadowski moved from the Spreadshirt Board of Directors to the Supervisory Board, where he is now chairman. Lukasz is an active internet investor since 2006 and has a portfolio of over 60 internet companies across geographies and stages (for example imagekind.com, rapleaf.com, panfu.de, zlio.com, dawanda.de, amiando.com, imedo.de, toksta.com, apomio.de, epuls.pl, netzathleten.de). Since 2007 he was involved in the creation of numerous Internet companies, for example Brands4Friends.com, MisterSpex.com, Absolventa.com, Triphunter.com, Playnik.com as well as Kaeuferportal.de. In September 2008 Lukasz launched ‘Team Europe Ventures’ which combines his existing portfolio. Within the new entity he plans to scale and expand his activities – among other towards investments in later stages and more international focus.

    3.45pm: Panel Discussion: “German innovation and Entrepreneurialism”

    Debate topics:

    – Do German tech companies have what it takes against outsiders launching into the market?

    – Management and marketing in Germany: What’s the situation?

    – Does Germany have a Silicon Valley or a Silicon Valley mindset capable of creating the next Google/Skype?

    Panelists:

    Paul Jozefak is a Managing Partner at Neuhaus Partners one of the leading early-stage VC firms based in Germany. Prior to this, he was an Investment Director for Europe at SAP. Here he was in charge of the European region for SAP Ventures with more than 200 million Euro under management. From 1998 until 2000, in his function as Business Development Director Europe at Davis Polk & Wardwell, he accompanied the IPO’s of corporations such as Software AG, Freenet, Travel24 and comdirect. Starting in the mid-90s, Jozefak built up his expertise as a consultant for the software branch at Andersen Consulting.

    Inma Martinez Stradbroke AdvisorsInma Martinez is one of the world’s leading digital media strategists, described by Fortune and Time magazine as one of Europe’s top talents in Human Factors and Social Engagement through technology. Switching a career in the financial markets at Goldman Sachs and The Institute for Infrastructure Finance, she joined Cable & Wireless in the mid-1990s to form their New Technologies Advisory, specifically focused on the Internet and IP services. Co-founder in 1999 of Escape Velocity, a 3i-funded AI software company in the early days of mobile services and selected by Lehman Brothers, in 2006 she founded Stradbroke Advisors, a digital media and fund raising consultancy working with Venture Capital firms (3i, Index Ventures), large corporations (NOKIA Finland, Blyk, BBC, MTV Networks, HP, IBM) as well as Web 2.0 startups and film and TV production companies. She is also an Advisor to the EU Technology Commission.

    Stephan Uhrenbacher is the founder and was the executive director of Qype. On Germany’s largest assessment portal for local news, its users exchange tips and recommendations about stores, service providers, gastronomy and free time activities all over Europe. In the late 90s Uhrenbacher established the travel portal TravelChannel for Gruner+Jahr. In subsequence followed the supervision of the Northern European market for Lastminute.com in London and he created the reorientation of Bild.de for Axel Springer. At the despatch pharmacy DocMorris he was responsible as its COO for the growth of the corporation in 2003.

    Hans Penz, is the CEO and founder of Couch Tycoon. The Hamburg based start-up financing community allows start-up founders to raise their first 20k $ online without a big business plan or a filed investment proposal and enables everyone to become a venture capitalist for only 100 $. Prior to CouchTycoon he worked as technical due diligence consultant for private investors in Munich after he co-developed and licenced a proprietary data transmission technology which allows to send short messages through GSM networks for free. His career as entrepreneur started in to highschool when he founded my first company, an advertising agency which was specialized in youth advertising.

    Markus Berger-de León, was appointed CEO of studiVZ, the largest German social network, on 1st March 2009. Prior to his current position he served as CEO of MY-HAMMER AG. From 2002 – 2007 he worked for Jamba, the leading provider of mobile content and entertainment services. During his last two years at Jamba he served as Managing Director, taking overall responsibility of the Jamba business unit. Markus has also previously acted as CTO and COO of a software company that he co-founded, where his responsibilities included establishing IT-driven business-to-business procurement services for customers across Europe. Berger-de León holds a degree in business administration from the WHU Otto Beisheim School of Management in Koblenz, Germany. Additionally, he studied at the Columbia Business School and at Plekhanov in Moscow. Currently Markus still holds the position of CEO of the Abacho AG and supervisory board Chairman of the MyHammer AG. Berger-de León is an authority on mobile, media, web 2.0 and convergence topics and frequently speaks on mobile services and content, digital entertainment, mobile technology and industry convergence.

    4.30pm: Tea/Coffee break

    4.50pm: Speed Speech: Christian Geissendoerfer, CEO, Yoose.com on “Bootstrapping”

    Christian has had various marketing and sales experiences in the enterprise software and IT environment. His professional experience includes developing “routes to market” strategy and lead management work at IBM for the EMEA geography across brands and customer sets as well as two years as a sales representative for Lotus Software in France (selling to financial institutions). Based on his interest and experience with mobile enterprise solutions, he has started in 2008 his own venture in the mobile marketing and advertising space. YOOSE offers a mobile couponing platform to reach the right person with the right message at the right time and right place. YOOSE was a Seedcamp finalist in London in September 2008 and launches its service in Berlin in June 2009. Christian is fluent in German, English, French and Spanish and holds a Diploma in Business Administration form the University of Bayreuth. He participated in INSEAD entrepreneurship classes with his venture, was leading the entrepreneurship club and the European Entrepreneurship Accelerator Program with INSEAD and IESE, while his wife attended INSEAD for her MBA.

    5.10pm: Startup Pitch Competition (for a review of the last four see here)

    SkobblerTolingoDoctrStylight.dekontoblickkaufDA.deAsgoodas.nuPaperc.deStuddexPlatogo

    6pm – 8pm: Informal networking over drinks

    Startups Judging Panel

    Dwight Cribb is the founder and Managing Director of the executive search firm Dwight Cribb Personalberatung. Since 1998 he is an influential advisor of Germany’s leading new media firms in management searches and HR questions. Together with his team he is responsible for around 80 management placements per year in the German new media sector. The Hamburg born Briton studied Marketing with Psychology in Scotland and obtained an MBA with a specialisation in international business. Prior to entering the executive search field Cribb worked at innovative firms in the fields of electronic business information (Bureau van Dijk Electronic Publishing) and video conferencing (PitcureTel). Dwight Cribb is also the Chairman of the Aravati Global Search Network, a network of twelve owner managed executive search firms in Europe, North America and Asia and Co-Founder of myynto, an HR outsourcing firm. Together with his Partner Maren Freyberg he is an early stage investor and has recently invested in Cliplister, Tolingo, Spreadyo and Carsablanca.

    Paul JozefakInmaculada MartinezStephan UhrenbacherThomas Hessler, CEO , Zanox

    Our sponsors and partners:

    Location sponsor: ZANOX.de AG is a global market leader for performance-based online marketing and has established a strong presence in all core markets around the world. More than 2000 prestigious international companies rely on the zanox affiliate network and sector-specific expertise in all sectors where innovation is taking place. Affiliate programmes provide companies with global solutions for efficiently marketing their products and services on the internet. zanox attaches great importance to the quality and the continuing development of its affiliate sites, whose owners are in addition being motivated by fast and transparent compensation. zanox’s international focus is strengthened by its Global Alliance Partner (GAP) programme. Furthermore, in May of 2008, the GAP Campus opened its doors at zanox headquarters in Berlin to serve as an international meeting point for developers and designers.

    Media Partner: Gründerszene is the magazine for founders and people interested in founding a company. On a regular basis Gründerszene publishes news and expert content, dealing with the branch. Hands on reports and technical essays shall inspire founders and help them to implement their visions. Gründerszene explicitly wants to foster the passion and the respect towards entrepreneurship among young founders and experts of the branch.

    Video partner: sevenload is a social media network for internet television and user generated content. Every channel on sevenload offers independent, intelligent and creative content from users producing their own content as well as professional production companies. sevenload was founded in 2006. sevenload is a global social media platform for photos, videos and interactive show formats. sevenload enables users to manage and share their photos and videos online for free. The site offers an array of different interactive internet shows in various languages and categories. In addition, some of the available channels are from famous and popular artists and musicians.

    Strategic partner: Seedcamp is an intensive week long event held in September in London targeted at young entrepreneurs from across EMEA. Seedcamp have set it up to provide seed funding and world-class connections for startups. September 2007 marked the first Seedcamp Week and group of funded startups. September 1009 will mark the third.

    Drinks Spornsor: Dwight Cribb Personalberatung was founded in 1998 to provide executive search (headhunter) services to new media clients. The Hamburg based firm is responsible for around eighty high profile new hires in the industry each year. From the outset working with start-ups has been an important part of the business and Cribb in some cases offer “consulting for equity” arrangements to particularly promising start-ups wishing to recruit top-level talent whilst conserving cash. Talk to Dwight Cribb about your plans at Techcrunch Berlin.



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